CBN Releases Highlights Of Flexible Inter-Bank Exchange Rate Market

Godwin Emefiele
CBN Governor Godwin Emefiele

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on Wednesday released the highlights of flexible foreign exchange policy.

Briefing newsmen, CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele expressed confidence that the time is right to restore the automatic adjustment mechanism of the exchange rate with the re-introduction of a flexible inter-bank exchange rate market.

The highlights that were agreed on during the meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee are that:

“The market shall operate as a single market structure through the inter-bank/autonomous window;

“The Exchange Rate would be purely market-driven using the Thomson-Reuters Order Matching System as well as the Conversational Dealing Book;

“The CBN would participate in the Market through periodic interventions to either buy or sell FX as the need arises;

“To improve the dynamics of the market, we will introduce FX Primary Dealers (FXPD) who would be registered by the CBN to deal directly with the Bank for large trade sizes on a two-way quotes basis;

“These Primary Dealers shall operate with other dealers in the Inter-bank market, amongst other obligations that will be stipulated in the Foreign Exchange Primary Dealers (FXPD) Guidelines, which would also be released immediately after this Press Briefing;

“There shall be no predetermined spread on FX spot transactions executed through the CBN intervention with Primary Dealers, while all FX Spot purchased by Authorized Dealers are transferable in the inter-bank FX Market;

“The Forty-One (41) items classified as “Not Valid for Foreign Exchange” as detailed in a previous CBN Circular shall remain inadmissible in the Nigerian FX market;

“To enhance liquidity in the market, the CBN may also offer long-tenured FX Forwards of 6 to 12 months or any tenor to Authorized Dealers;

“Sale of FX Forwards by Authorized Dealers to end-users must be trade-backed, with no predetermined spreads;

“The CBN shall introduce non-deliverable over-the-counter (OTC) Naira-settled Futures, with daily rates on the CBN-approved FMDQ Trading and Reporting System. This is an entirely new product in the Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market, which would help moderate volatility in the exchange rate by moving non-urgent FX demand from the Spot to the Futures market;

“The OTC FX Futures shall be in non-standardized amounts and different fixed tenors, which may be sold on any dates thereby ensuring bespoke maturity dates;

“Proceeds of Foreign Investment Inflows and International Money Transfers shall be purchased by Authorized Dealers at the Daily Inter-Bank Rate; and

“Non-oil exporters are now allowed unfettered access to their FX proceeds, which shall be sold in the Inter-bank market.”


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